Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development (MOPHRD)
The Migrant Resource Centre works under the auspices of the Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource (MOPHRD). The ministry oversees matters concerning Overseas Pakistanis and human resource development in Pakistan. The ministry was created on 7 June 2013, through a merger of erstwhile Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis.
The following organisations work under the Ministry:
- Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment (BE&OE)- http://www.beoe.gov.pk/
- Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF) - http://www.opf.org.pk/
- Overseas Employment Corporation (OEC) - http://www.oec.gov.pk/
- Employees Old-age Benefits institution (EOBI)- http://www.eobi.gov.pk/
- National Industrial Relations Commission Islamabad (NIRC)- http://www.nirc.gov.pk/
- Directorate of Worker’s Education(DWE)- http://www.dwe.gov.pk/
Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment (BEOE)
The MRCs work closely with the Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment as well as its related entities, including the Protectorates Office of Emigrants. The Bureau was setup on 1 October 1971, by combining three federal government departments namely National Manpower Council, Protectorate of Emigrants and Directorate of Seamen’s Welfare under the directive of Government of Pakistan. The Bureau started functioning under the Emigration Act of 1922 and Rules (1959) which were subsequently replaced by the Emigration Ordinance XVIII of 1979 and Rules made there under. Over a period of time, the Bureau has devised a realistic, pragmatic and systematic emigration mechanism under the emigration laws. Bureau of Emigration and Overseas Employment is a centralized agency of the Federal Government for processing recruitment demands of the Pakistani manpower through Licensed Overseas Employment Promoters, etc. for the different manpower importing countries in the world especially in the Middle East.
The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) supports the development of the MRCs. ICMPD is an international organisation with 18 Member States and more than 250 staff members. Active in more than 90 countries worldwide, it takes a regional approach in its work to create efficient cooperation and partnerships along migration routes. ICMPD strives for comprehensive, sustainable and future-oriented migration governance and applies a three-pronged approach: capacity building, migration dialogues, and research. Migration dialogues are successful tools to foster governmental discussions and enhance inter-state dialogue in the current debate on migration policy issues.
The Budapest Process is an interregional dialogue on migration stretching from Europe to the Silk Routes region - also covering Europe's Eastern neighbours, the Western Balkans and Central Asia. It provides a platform for dialogue and operational cooperation for over 50 governments and 10 international organisations. The “Silk Routes project”, in brief, aims at maximising the development potential of migration and mobility within the Silk Routes region and towards major labour receiving countries. The Silk Routes project also enhances migration governance and mobility and operationalises the Budapest Process through concrete initiatives such as the establishment of further Migrant Resource Centres (MRCs).